Curly Coated Retriever
The Curly Coated Retriever is an intelligent and strong dog, with the stamina to keep going all day. An excellent shooting dog. He needs to live in a house with a big enough garden and preferably close to open countryside. He should have more than two hours exercise every day on average . His tightly curled coat is waterproof and most CCRs will jump into water whenever they get the chance. His unusual and specialised coat requires professional grooming to prevent the collection of debris and resulting skin problems.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 13.5% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS32.68
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- His unusual and specialised coat requires professional grooming to prevent the collection of debris and resulting skin problems.
- Gastric dilation volvulus (Bloat/torsion) (stomach fills with air and can twist requiring urgent vet treatment – common in deep chested breeds)
- Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joints causing pain and lameness): breed mean score 11.5 (parents should be lower)
- Elbow dysplasia (malformation of the elbow joint causing pain and lameness): ideally O:O
- Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (causes gradual loss of vision) (annual testing)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC)
- Glycogenosis (GSD) type 111a
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA cord 1)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Entropion (turning in of eyelids)
- Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes)
- Torsion/Bloat (stomach twisting – requires urgent vet treatment)
- Alopecia (seasonal hair loss from flanks)
- Canine follicular dysplasia (hair loss)
- Glycogen storage disease (accumulation of glycogen, causing dysfunction of various organs)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: