Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont is a short legged and relatively long-backed Terrier. He is generally fun loving and intelligent, can be somewhat wilful but very loyal to his human family. He will adapt to most home environments but would prefer to have his own garden. Like all dogs he needs daily exercise. His medium length, roughish coat will need grooming regularly and care should be taken that hair does not grow over his eyes.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 9.4% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS196.57
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
Intervertebral disc disease (spinal discs are abnormal and prone to rupture or displacement, causing pain). Associated with an overly long body.
Eye disease: Goniodysgenesis/Primary glaucoma (G) (annual testing) (a painful and sight threatening disease).
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings syndrome) (an excess of corticosteroids) (lethargy, excessive thirst and appetitite, change of coat)
- Portosystemic shunt (an abnormality of the blood circulation, resulting in blood from the heart bypassing the liver and entering the general circulation, causing toxic encephalitis)
- Urolithiasis (urate stones)
- Intervertebral disc disease (see above)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: