English Toy Terrier

Lifestyle Needs

English Toy Terrier

The English Toy Terrier is small in size, slim and lightweight.  He makes an ideal companion dog, is generally non agressive and full of charm.  He is happy in most home environments and like all dogs needs daily exercise.  His short, glossy coat needs grooming no more than once a week.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 11.1% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS

TBC

EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

None known

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

None known

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
www.thekennelclub.org.uk/about-ebvs

DNA Tests Available

von Willebrands disease (bleeding disorder).

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

  • Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
  • BAER testing (deafness)

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Demodectic mange
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (disease of the hip joint causing degeneration of the head of the femour – top part of thigh bone – causing severe pain and lameness)
  • Heat stress
  • Eye disease:  glaucoma, lens luxation, cataract

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:
www.dogbreedingreformgroup.uk/the-standard-for-dog-breeding.html

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

List of Dog Breeds