There are two varieties of the Griffon Bruxellois, rough and smooth. The smooth version is also known as the Petit Brabancon. The GB is a small dog, usually full of character and mischief, and with plenty of energy. He has some terrier like qualities, is a good house dog and devoted companion. Like all dogs he needs daily exercise and stimulation. The rough coated variety needs very regular grooming and breed experts recommend professional stripping once or twice a year.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 9.7% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS66.48
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
The BG has a bracycephalic type nose/muzzle (very short) and this can give rise to breathing problems.
- Eye disease: Hereditary cataract (HC) (annual testing)
- Chiari malformation Syringomyelia (CMSM) (malformation of the occipital bone which compresses the hind brain – this is turn may cause pockets of fluid to form in the spinal cord)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Follow BVA/KC CMSM scheme and Breeding Recommendations.
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Patellar luxation (dislocated knee cap)
- Persistent hyaloid artery (congenital eye disease)
- Vitreal syneresis (floaters in the fluid of the eye)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: