The Lhasa Apso is a small and ancient companion dog. The Lhasa’s temperament varies and he can be surprisingly noisy for his size. Like all dogs he needs regular exercise. His long and profuse coat needs frequent grooming and occasional trimming as well.
Inbreeding coefficient COI
(should be as low as possible)
The breed average COI is 11.1%
Effective population size (EPS) 51.15
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population (KC registered dogs). It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservation biologists and below 50 puts a breed at grave risk.
Health and welfare problems due to conformation
(body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Lhasa’s coat is very thick and long which will affect his quality of life, particularly in warm weather. Hair will fall over his eyes affecting his ability to see and should be kept trimmed.
BVA/KC Health Schemes http://www.bva.co.uk/chs
- Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (gradual loss of vision) (annual testing)
- Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joints causing pain and disability) breed mean score 12.7 (parents should be lower)
DNA tests available
- Renal dysplasia (kidney disease)
- Haemophilia B
Unofficial (breed club) schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents (or check the KC’s health test results finder). If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other diseases reported
(for which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Sebaceous adentitis (a scaly skin disease affecting the functioning of the sebaceous gland)
- Atopic dermatitis (hypersensitivity to pollens and other protein particles – causes intense itching)
- Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
- Intervertebral disc disease (partial rupture of a disc with compression of the spinal cord – pain and weakness, sometimes paralysis)
- Atlanto axial subluxation (partial dislocation of bones in the neck – giving neck pain)
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (‘Dry Eye’ – leads to corneal damage including ulcers) (autoimmune disease)
- Cancer: perianal gland tumors; intracutaneous cornifying epithelioma
- Prolapse of the nictitans gland ( ‘Cherry Eye’ – the gland associated with the third eyelid is flipped outwards)
- Hydrocephalus (water on the brain)
- Urolithiasis – calcium oxalate/struvite (stone formation in urine)