Lowchen

Lifestyle Needs

Lowchen

The Lowchen (‘Little Lion’) is a small, sturdy, tousle haired dog who is typically affectionate, intelligent and playful.  He will adapt to most lifestyles and would be very suitable as a family pet or companion dog.  His long, silky textured coat will need frequent grooming and should be trimmed to prevent hair from covering his eyes.  He needs daily exercise and play.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 18.6% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS

32.16

EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

The long, silky coat could cause welfare problems if not kept clean and well groomed.

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

  • Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 9.0 (parents should be lower)
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing) (gradual loss of vision)

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
www.thekennelclub.org.uk/about-ebvs

DNA Tests Available

None known

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

BAER testing for deafness.

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Congenital deafness
  • Patellar luxation (slipping kneecap)
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (a disease of the hip joint involving degeneration of the femoral head, causing severe pain and lameness)
  • Cataract
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:
www.dogbreedingreformgroup.uk/the-standard-for-dog-breeding.html

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

List of Dog Breeds