The Miniature Pinscher is a small dog typically lively and full of character, quick to react and a good little guard dog. He has a lustrous, short coat which is very easy to look after. He will fit into most lifestyles but like all dogs needs daily exercise.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 11.0% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS54.01
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
Colour dilution alopecia – hair loss in blue dogs.
Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing) (gradual loss of vision).
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) V1
- Myotonia Congenital
- Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Breed club scheme for Patellar luxation (results recorded on an open database).
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
- Colour dilution alopecia (patchy baldness in blue or fawn coloured dogs)
- Cervical disc disease (neck)
- Legg-Calve Perthe disease (a disease of the hip joint with the degeneration of the head of the femur – causes severe pain and lameness)
- Corneal dystrophy
- Urolithiasis (formation of stones in urinary system – males only)
- Mucopolysaccharidosis (causes progressive paralysis)
- Heart disease (Mitral valve disease)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: