The Miniature Poodle is a small to medium sized dog who is typically light hearted and friendly. He is a suitable companion or family dog who will respond well to obedience and agility training. Like all dogs he needs plenty of exercise and games. His characteristic curly coat will need grooming regularly and trimmed professionally perhaps twice a year.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 5.9% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS131.44
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Miniature Poodle’s long, drooping ears predisposes them to Otitis externa (see below).
- Hip dysplasia: breed mean score 10.5 (parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing); Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) (annual testing); Hereditary cataract (HD)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed
DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd-PRA)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (rcd 4)
- Von Willebrands Disease (vWD) type V1
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Osteochondrodysplasia (OCD)
- Mucopolysaccaridosis (MPS)
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test. Good breeders will have followed the recommendations of the appropriate breed clubs, Kennel Club and/or other qualified experts.
Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Otitis externa
- Diabetes mellitus
- Patellar luxation
- Heart disease: Mitral valve disease
- Cushings syndrome
- Immune mediated haemolytic anaemia
- Immune mediated thrombocytopaenia
- Atlantoaxial subluxation
- Cancer: basal cell tumors; melanoma (oral);
- Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME)
- Intervertebral disc disease
- Tracheal collapse
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: