The Miniature Poodle is a small to medium sized dog who is typically light hearted and friendly. He is a suitable companion or family dog who will respond well to obedience and agility training. Like all dogs he needs plenty of exercise and games. His characteristic curly coat will need grooming regularly and trimmed professionally perhaps twice a year.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 5.9% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS131.44
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
The Miniature Poodle’s long, drooping ears predisposes them to Otitis externa (inflammation of the ear canal) (see below).
- Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 10.5 (ideally parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing) (gradual loss of vision); Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) (annuall testing) (the optic nerve from the eye to the brain is too small); Hereditary cataract (HD)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd-PRA)
- Von Willebrands Disease (vWD) type 1
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Osteochondrodysplasia (OCD)
- Mucopolysaccaridosis (MPS)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Otitis externa (inflammation of the ear canal) (common and can become chronic, causes discomfort, irritation and pain)
- Diabetes mellitus
- Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
- Distichiasis (abnormal eyelid hairs causing irritation and damage to the eye)
- Legge-Calve-Perthes (a disease of the hip joint – degeneration of the head of the femur, causing severe pain and lameness
- Heart disease: Mitral valve disease (degeneration of the mitral valve)
- Cushings syndrome (excess of steroids produced internally causing chronic malaise, discomfort and pain)
- Immune mediated haemolytic anaemia (destruction of red blood cells)
- Immune mediated thrombocytopaenia (blood disorder in which the number of platelets is very low leading to bleeding)
- Atlantoaxial subluxation (instabilityof the cervical spine causing neck pain)
- Cancer: basal cell tumors; melanoma (oral);
- Granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME) (inflammatory brain disease)
- Hydrocephalous (water on the brain)
- Intervertebral disc disease
- Entropion (inward turning eyelashes
- Urolithiasis (formation of crystals or stones in urinary system)
- Tracheal collapse (narrowing of windpipe causing coughing and breathing difficulties)
- Cryptorchidism (testes remain in the abdomen)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: