Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, originating from Canada, worked alongside the hunters of water fowl. He has webbed feet which help him to swim well. He will eagerly jump into water to retrieve. He is typically an intelligent dog, easy to train and needs to be given challenges, both physical and mental. Agility type activities would suit him well. Ideally he needs a house with a garden, preferably within easy proximity to the open countryside (and some water). He is medium sized with a fine, glossy coat which will need regular attention.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 2.4% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPSTBC
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 11.2 (parents should be lower)
- Elbow dysplasia (abnormality of the elbow joint causing pain and disability): score ideally O:O
- Eye Disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing) (gradual loss of vision); Collie eye anomaly (CEA) (litter screening) (a lesion or pale patch appears on the cornea)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Collie Eye Anomaly/Choroidal Hypoplasia (CEA/CH)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (prcd– PRA)
- Haplotype test for maximum diversity
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
- Bitches under 2 years not to produce a litter
- Bitches not to produce more than one litter within a twelve month period
- Dogs under 2 years not to be used at stud
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Systemic lupus erythamatosus (Toller disease) (an immune-mediated rheumatic disease)
- Meningitis (inflammation of the layers that cover the brain, requiring treatment with steroids which is not always successful)
- Polyarthritis (inflammation of joints)
- Addison’s disease (Hypoadrenocorticism)(underactivity of adrenal gland)
- Cleft palate
- Hypothyroidism (underativity of the thyroid gland)
- Multisystems autoimmunity
- Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes, causes irritation and discomfort)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: