Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Lifestyle Needs

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a large, heavy dog, mainly white in colour. He was once used as a guard dog, protecting flocks against wolves. His sheer size requires ample space both indoors and outdoors. He has a thick, double coat which needs regular grooming and which can cause him to over heat in warm weather. He can be gentle and affectionate but does not make an ideal family dog.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 3.7% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS

TBC

EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

  • The Pyrenean’s white coat colour predisposes the breed to deafness
  • His size predisposes him to musculoskeletal problems
  • Medial canthal pocket syndrome due to headshape causes the corner of the eye to be exposed to dirt and dust, causing pain and damage to the eye

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and lameness) breed mean score 10.4 (parents should be lower).

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
www.thekennelclub.org.uk/about-ebvs

DNA Tests Available

  • Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia (GT) Type 1
  • Canine Multi-focal Retinopathy (CMR1)
  • Degenerative Myelopathy  (DM)

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

None known

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Deafness
  • Epilepsy
  • Factor x1 deficiency (blood clotting disorder)
  • Heart disease: tripcuspid dysplasia (malformation of the tricuspid valve which can lead to heart failure)
  • Panosteitis (painful bone inflammation)
  • Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
  • Osteochondrosis – shoulder (malformation of bone and cartilege, causing pain and lameness)
  • Cancer: osteosarcoma (bone); sweat gland tumor
  • Entropion (inward growing eyelashes which cause pain and damage to the eye)

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:
www.dogbreedingreformgroup.uk/the-standard-for-dog-breeding.html

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

List of Dog Breeds