The ancestors of the Rough Collie were Scottish working sheep dogs and although the modern version is very much a glamorous show dog, he retains his instinct to herd. With this drive he makes a good obedience or agility dog. The Rough Collie’s glamorous, thick coat makes grooming hard work and he should be groomed every day. He needs plenty of exercise every day as well as some mental challenges.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 14.3% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS39.43
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Rough Collie’s longish, thick coat means that he will be susceptible to the heat and uncomfortable in hot weather.
- Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) (Bloat/Torsion)
- Hip dysplasia: breed mean score 9.2 (parents should be lower)
- Elbow dysplasia: score ideally O:O
- Eye Disease: Multifocal retinal dysplasia (MRD) (litter screening); Collie eye anomaly (CEA) (litter screening); Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing); Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy (RPED) (annual testing); Retinopathy (rod-cone dystrophy)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed
DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)
- Collie Eye Anomaly/Choroidal hypoplasia (CEA/CH)
- Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR1)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA rcd2)
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL)
- Canine Cyclic Neutropenia (Grey Collie Syndrome)
- Merle gene
- von Willebrands disease 11
- Dermatomyositis (DMS)
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test. Good breeders will have followed the recommendations of the appropriate breed clubs, Kennel Club and/or other qualified experts.
Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Drug reactions: Ivermectin and Milbemycin
- Colorectal polyps
- Diabetes mellitus
- Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)
- Haemophilia A
- Factor 1 deficiency
- Immune mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA)
- Cerebellar degeneration
- Carpal hyperextension syndrome
- Cancer: Gastric carcinoma; Insulinoma; Nasal cavity tumours; Testicular tumours
- Idiopathic Epilepsy
- Corneal dystrophy
- Renal Amyloidosis
- Cutaneous lupus erythematosis
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: