Schnauzer (Miniature)

Lifestyle Needs

Schnauzer (Miniature)

The Miniature Schnauzer is often described as a characterful and alert little dog who will always give a warning if a stranger approaches the house.  He is happy to live in the town or country if he is exercised regularly.  He has a wiry coat which needs daily grooming and which may need to be clipped twice a year.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 5.1% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS


EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

  • His coat will get tangled, dirty and matted if not regularly groomed.
  • Hair around the eyes will prevent him seeing well if not kept short.
  • Hair in the ear canal may predispose to ear disease

BVA/KC Health Schemes:

  • Hip Dysplasia: breed mean score 9.8 (parents should be lower)
  • Eye Disease: Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) (annual testing; Hereditary cataract (HC) (annual testing); Multi-focal retinal dysplasia (MRD) (litter screening)

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed

DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)

  • Myotonia Congenita
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) Type A
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) Type B
  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
  • Factor V11 Deficiency
  • Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome
  • Thrombopathia
  • von Willebrands Disease 1
  • Elliptocytosis
  • Spondylocostal Dysostosis

Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test. Good breeders will have followed the recommendations of the appropriate breed clubs, Kennel Club and/or other qualified experts.

Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes

  • Eye testing (litter screening).

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Atopy
  • Heart disease: Atherosclerosis; Mitral valve disease; Patent ductus arteriosus; Sick sinus syndrome
  • Vaccine-associated adverse effect
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Portosystemic shunt
  • Immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA)
  • Cancer: Meningioma; Cutaneous melanoma; Histiocytic sarcoma
  • Epilepsy
  • Urolithiasis
  • Intervertebral disc disease
  • Schnauzer comedo syndrome
  • Kidney disease
  • Cataract and other ocular conditions

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

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