The Scottish Terrier is a small, sturdy little dog, typically alert and ready guard and protect his home and family. He has a shaggy, medium long coat which will need to be groomed daily and professionally trimmed from time to time. He is happy to live in any sized house, but being a terrier, would prefer his own garden.
Inbreeding coefficient – COI
(should be as low as possible and not higher than 6%)
The breed average COI is 6.6%
Effective population size (EPS) 125.94
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population (KC registered dogs). It is measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservation biologists and below 50 puts a breed at grave risk.
Health and welfare problems due to conformation
(body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Scottie’s coat is a potential problem if it is not groomed daily. Dirt and debris which is allowed to accumulate could cause skin problems.
- His extreme short legs and thick set body mean that he is not able to run with abandon.
- Dystocia (whelping problems due to large head of the puppies and relatively narrow pelvis of the mother. High rate of births by C- section (60%)
BVA/KC Health Schemes http://www.bva.co.uk/chs
DNA tests available
Parents should be tested for:
- von Willebrands disease Type 111 (blood clotting disorder)
Unofficial (breed club) schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents (or check the KC’s health test results finder). If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other diseases reported
(for which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Atopy (hypersensitivity to pollen and other particles – causes intense itching)
- Demodicosis (Mange – caused by demodex mites)
- Cancer: melanoma (nail bed); cutaneous histiocytoma; cutaneous lymphoma; nasal carcinoma; bladder (urothelial carcinoma) ; and others
- Heart disease: Dilated cardiomyopathy (the heart chambers enlarge, the heart muscles weaken and gradually fail)
- Malessezia dermatitis
- Craniomandibular osteopathy (abnormal development of the bones of the face)
- Muscle cramping (‘Scottie cramp’) (neurological disease characterised by transient episodes of muscular hypertonicity. Can be induced by excitement or exercise)
- Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings disease) (excessive production of corticosteroids – usually late onset)
- Haemophilia (blood clotting disorder)
- Lens luxation (displacement of the lens in the eye)
- Cerebellar abiotrophy (degenerative disease caused by premature loss of brain cells in the cerebellum – affects movement and co-ordination, causes weakness)
- Myasthenia gravis (neuromuscular disease causing weakness) (autoimmune disease)