The Smooth Collie is the short coated version of the Rough Collie. He comes from working pastoral origins and will need to have his intelligence and creativity challenged. He should do well at obedience and agility and as a family dog would be up for any lively activity. He will need to live in a house with a garden, preferably near to open countryside, and should have plenty of exercise every day. His short, fairly dense coat will need grooming regularly.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 7.3% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS90.03
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- Hip dysplasia: breed mean score 6 (parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Collie eye anomaly (CEA) litter screening); Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy (RPED) (annual testing); Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing); Multiple ocular defects (MOD) (annual testing)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed
DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)
- Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA/CH)
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Multi drug resistance (MDR1)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA rcd2)
- Canine Cyclic Neutropenia (CCN) (Grey Collie Syndrome)
- Merle gene
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test. Good breeders will have followed the recommendations of the appropriate breed clubs, Kennel Club and/or other qualified experts.
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
- Litter screening for Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA).
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Dermatitis (various forms)
- Drug reactions: Ivermectin and Milbemycin
- Diabetes mellitus
- Haemophilia A
- Factor 1 deficiency
- Immune mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA)
- Cerebellar degeneration
- Cancer: Insulinoma; Nasal cavity tumours; Testicular tumours
- Idiopathic Epilepsy
- Renal Amyloidosis
- Cutaneous lupus erythematosis
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: