Smooth Collie

Lifestyle Needs

Smooth Collie

Smooth Collie

The Smooth Collie is the short coated version of the Rough Collie.  He comes from working pastoral origins and will need to have his intelligence and creativity challenged.  He should do well at obedience and agility and as a family dog would be up for any lively activity.  He will need to live in a house with a garden, preferably near to open countryside, and should have plenty of exercise every day.  His short, fairly dense coat will need grooming regularly.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 7.3% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS


EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

None known

BVA/KC Health Schemes:

  • Hip dysplasia:  breed mean score 6 (parents should be lower)
  • Eye disease: Collie eye anomaly (CEA) litter screening); Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy (RPED) (gradual loss of sight) (annual testing); Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing); Multiple ocular defects (MOD) (annual testing)

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:

DNA Tests Available

  • Collie Eye Anomaly / Choroidal Hypoplasia (CEA/CH)
  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
  • Multi drug resistance (MDR1)
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA rcd2)
  • Canine Cyclic Neutropenia (CCN) (periodic lowering of neutrophils – type of white blood cell – risk of infection)
  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
  • Merle gene

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

Litter screening for Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA).

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Idiopathic epilepsy
  • Ivermectin and milbemycin drug reactions
  • Bloat / torsion
  • Coloboma (an abnormal development of the eye, which can lead to blindness)
  • Entropion (inward turning of the eyelid)
  • Pancreatitis
  • Cutaneous histiocytosis (itchy skin patches)
  • Dermatitis (inflammation and infection of the skin)
  • Cancer: nasal carcinoma
  • Excessively small eyes

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

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