The Smooth Collie is the short coated version of the Rough Collie. He comes from working pastoral origins and will need to have his intelligence and creativity challenged. He should do well at obedience and agility and as a family dog would be up for any lively activity. He will need to live in a house with a garden, preferably near to open countryside, and should have plenty of exercise every day. His short, fairly dense coat will need grooming regularly.
Inbreeding coefficient – COI
(should be as low as possible)
The breed average COI is 8.3%
Health and welfare problems due to conformation
(body shape and physical characteristics)
BVA/KC Health Schemes http://www.bva.co.uk/chs
- Hip dysplasia: breed mean score 6 (parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Collie eye anomaly (CEA); Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy (visual problems in bright light, gradual loss of sight); Progressive retinal atrophy; Multiple ocular defects. Annual eye testing required.
DNA tests available
Parents should be tested for:
- Collie eye anomaly (CEA)/Chroroidal hypoplasia (CH)
- Multi drug resistance (MDR1)
- Progressive retinal atrophy (rcd2)
- Canine cyclic neutropenia (periodic lowering of neutrophils – type of white blood cell – risk of infection)
- Merle gene
Unofficial (breed club) schemes
- Litter screening for Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA)
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
(for which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Idiopathic epilepsy
- Ivermectin and milbemycin drug reactions
- Bloat / torsion
- Coloboma (an abnormal development of the eye, which can lead to blindness)
- Entropion (inward turning of the eyelid)
- Cutaneous histiocytosis (itchy skin patches)
- Dermatitis (inflammation and infection of the skin)
- Excessively small eyes
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Advisory Council’s Standard for Breeders: http://www.dogbreedhealth.com/dac-breeding-standard/