The Afghan Hound is a large sight hound with a very long, silky coat. His original function was to hunt and he may well give chase to any small animal if given the chance. Basic training in obedience and recall is essential with this dog. The Afghan is a glamorous and rather aloof dog who will become very attached to his owner. He needs to live in a large house with a large garden and be given at least two hours exercise every day. His excessive coat will require careful grooming every day to keep it clean and avoid tangles.
Inbreeding coefficient – COI
(should be as low as possible)
The breed average COI is 2.3%
Health and welfare problems due to conformation
(body shape and physical characteristics)
- The very long and silky coat will cause welfare problems if it isn’t given the grooming time and care it needs. Hair will obscure the dogs’ vision and collect dirt and debris which in turn could cause skin problems.
- Medial canthal pocket syndrome (due to head shape – where upper and lower lids on the inside corner of the eye roll inwards creating pockets in which dirt and dust can collect)
BVA/KC Health Schemes: http://www.bva.co.uk/chs
- Hip dysplasia: (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability) breed mean score 11 (ideally parents should be lower)
DNA tests available
Unofficial (breed club) schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents (or check with the KC’s health test results finder). If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
(for which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Generalised demodicosis (skin disease – Mange – caused by demodectic mite)
- Hypothyroidism (insufficient production of thyroid hormones)
- Panosteitis (painful inflammatory bone disease)
- Cancer: Perianal gland tumour
- Afghan Hound myelopathy (degenerative disease of the spinal cord leading to paralysis)
- Laryngeal paralysis (a progressive paralysis of the larynx, can cause aspiration pneumonia)
- Lung disease
- Elbow deformity
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Advisory Council’s Standard for Breeders: http://www.dogbreedhealth.com/dac-breeding-standard/