Dachshund (Miniature) (long, smooth, wirehaired)

Lifestyle Needs

Miniature Wirehaired Dachshund

The Miniature Dachshund is a long bodied dog with very short legs.  He weighs around 5 kilograms (whereas the larger version can weigh as much as 12 kilograms).  He will suit almost any type of home environment and would make a suitable family pet.  However care should be taken that young children are taught how to handle and respect him.  Although diminutive in size the Mini Dachs is often described as a large personality in a small frame and he needs exercise just like any other dog.  All three coats require regular grooming.  More coat care will be needed with the long-haired coat, and the wire-haired coat will typically need to be ‘stripped’ a couple of times a year.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 7.5% (longhaired), 7.7% (smoothhaired), 9.9% (wirehaired) - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS

89.16 (longhaired), 97.65 (smoothhaired), 110.39 (wirehaired)

EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

  • The Dachshund’s short legs (Hypochondroplasia – dwarfism) are associated with Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).  It is reported that between 20% and 25% of Dachshunds are likely to suffer some degree of back problems during their life.  This can range from minor back pain through to severe spinal cord  damage and paralysis.
  • The extreme short legs limit a Mini Dachshund’s ability to run, jump and communicate with other dogs, eg play bows.

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

  • Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (longhaired, smoothhaired) (annual testing); Optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) (longhaired) (litter screening); Persistent pupillary membrane (PPM) (wirehaired) (litter screening); Cone rod degeneration (CRD) (annual testing)
  • Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joint causing pain and lameness) breed mean score 18.0 (parents should be lower) (long haired); 15.0 (smooth haired)

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
www.thekennelclub.org.uk/about-ebvs

DNA Tests Available

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA cord-1) (Wire) (Long) (Smooth)
  • Lafora’s disease (type of epilepsy) (Wire)
  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofusionosis (NCL) (degeneration of the nervous system) (Wire) (Long)
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Wire) (Long) (Smooth)
  • Multi Drug Resistance (MDR1) (Wire) (Long) (Smooth)
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) (Wire) (Long) (Smooth)
  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKD) (Smooth)
  • Narcolepsy (Smooth)

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

X-ray screening for Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) between the ages of two and four years www.dachshund-ivdd.uk

Dachshund Breed Council’s health website:  www.uk-dachshund-health-report.org.uk

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

Mini Smooth-haired:

  • Intervertebral disc disease (see above)
  • Cushings disease (over production of corticosteroids, causing lethargy, thirst and increased appetite)
  • Various skin problems (eg, pattern baldness, ear pinna alopecia, Malassezia dermatitis )
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism (thyroid deficiency, resulting in hair loss, weight gain, lethargy)
  • Urolithiasis (stone formation in urinary tract)
  • Cryptorchidism (undescended testicle)

Mini longhaired:

  • Intervertebral disc disease (see above)
  • Epilepsy
  • Eye conditions: Distichiasis (a double row of eyelashes); Entropion (inward turning eyelahses); Ectropion (outward turning eye lashes)
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism (thyroid deficiency, resulting in hair loss, weight gain, lethargy)
  • Urolithiasis (stone formation in urinary tract)
  • Cryptorchidism (undescended testicle)

Mini wire-haired:

  • Intervertebral disc disease (see above)
  • Lafora’s disease (type of epilepsy characterised by jerking, seizures, dementia, blindness)
  • Various skin problems (eg, pattern baldness, ear pinna alopecia, Malassezia dermatitis)
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism (thyroid deficiency, resulting in hair loss, weight gain, lethargy)
  • Urolithiasis (stone formation in urinary tract)
  • Cryptorchidism (undescended testicle)

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:
www.dogbreedingreformgroup.uk/the-standard-for-dog-breeding.html

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

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