Fox Terrier (Smooth-haired and Wire-haired)

Lifestyle needs

Fox Terrier (Wire-haired)

The Fox Terrier is a small to medium sized sporting dog who is typically active, confident and somewhat noisy. He will enjoy joining in with the rough and tumble of family life.  Ideally he needs to live in a house with a garden and be given plenty of opportunity to run free in the open countryside.  The short coat of the smooth-haired variety needs grooming once a week, the wire-haired more often.

Inbreeding coefficient – COI

(should be as low as possible)

The breed average COI is 12.4% (wire-haired), 7.2% (smooth-haired)

See A Beginners Guide to COI.

Health and welfare problems due to conformation

(body shape and physical characteristics)

The Fox Terrier has no unnatural or exaggerated features.

BVA/KC Health Schemes  http://www.bva.co.uk/chs

  • None applicable

DNA tests available

  •  Degenerative myelopathy (CDRM) (degenerative disease of the spinal cord, causing hindquarter weakness, loss offeeling and paralysis (Wire Fox Terriers)

Unofficial (breed club) schemes

None known

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents (or check with the KC’s health test results finder). If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other diseases

(for which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

Smooth:

  • Atopy (hypersensitivity to pollen and other protein particles, causing intense itching)
  • Myasthenia gravis (neurological disease causing weakness – with enlarged oesophagus)
  • Eye problems: cataract, glaucoma,
  • Patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap)
  • Ataxia and myelopathy (general weakness and degeneration of muscles)
  • Heart disease: Pulmonic stenosis (narrowing of the pulmonary artery)
  • Wolman disease (lipid storage disease)

Wire:

  • Atopy (hypersensitivity to pollen and other protein particles, causing intense itching)
  • Myasthenia gravis (neurological disease causing weakness – with dilated oesophagus)
  • Eye problems: cataract, glaucoma
  • Haemophilia B (blood clotting disorder)
  • Heart disease: Pulmonic stenosis (narrowing of the pulmonary artery)
  • Epilepsy
  • Wolman disease (lipid storage disease)
  • Cancer: bladder; pheochromocytoma (adrenal gland)

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life.  Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions.  Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Advisory Council’s Standard for Breeders: http://www.dogbreedhealth.com/dac-breeding-standard/

List of Dog Breeds