German Wirehaired Pointer
The German Wirehaired Pointer is part of the group of Gundogs known as hunt, point, retrieve, he therefore has a strong hunting instinct. He is a large, strong athletic dog who needs more than two hours exercise every day and plenty of free running. Ideally he should live in a house with a garden. The GWP is noted for his harsh, wiry, protective coat which needs to be groomed a couple of times a week and occasionally ‘stripped’. He needs a firm, experienced owner who is willing to invest time in his training. There can be temperament issues, including aggression and separation anxiety. He does not make an ideal family dog.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 3.6% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS416.94
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
Bloat/Torsion (stomach fills with air and may twist – urgent vet treatment is needed). Associated with deep chested breeds.
Hip dysplasia: (malformation of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 10.4 (parents should be lower).
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- von Willebrands disease (vWD) type 2
- Haemophilia B Factor 1X Deficiency)
- Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC)
- Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa (JEB)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Breed club testing by echocardiogram for Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Atopy (hypersensitivity to pollens and other protein particles, causing intense itching)
- Idiopathic epilepsy
- Entropion (inward turning of eye lashes, causing irritation and damage to the eye)
- Osteochondritis dissecans (inflammation of joint cartilage, causing pain and arthritis)
- Hypothyroidism (underactivity of thyroid gland)
- Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) (a disease in which the heart chambers enlarge, the heart muscle weakens and begins to fail)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: