Havanese

Lifestyle Needs

Havanese

The Havanese is a Toy dog who is suitable as a companion or family dog.  He will adapt to most home environments, including a town flat.  He is typically a lively, affectionate and intelligent breed.  Like all dogs the Havanese will need regular exercise.  He has a long, soft and slightly wavy coat which ideally should be groomed every day to keep it clean and tangle free.  Trimming his coat, especially around his face is needed.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 2.7% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS

TBC

EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

The Havanese’s abundant hair could impact on his quality of life, especially if not trimmed around the face.  It could also cause him to overheat in hot weather.

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

  • Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (annual testing); Retinal dysplasia; litter screening also recommended
  • Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joints causing pain and disability) breed mean score 9.1 (parents should be lower)

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
www.thekennelclub.org.uk/about-ebvs

DNA Tests Available

  • Haemophilia A (Factor V111 deficiency)

Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes

None known

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Portosystemic shunt (an abnormality of the blood vessels within the liver, resulting in blood from the intestine bypassing the liver)
  • Patellar luxation (slipping kneecap)
  • Congenital deafness
  • Cataract
  • Distichiasis (abnormal hairs growing from the eyelids which can cause irritation and pain)

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents.  Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:
www.dogbreedingreformgroup.uk/the-standard-for-dog-breeding.html

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

List of Dog Breeds