The Hungarian Puli is famous for its thick, corded coat which demands a great deal of attention. Apparently, in his native Hungary, the Puli needed a thick coat to withstand the intense cold and keep out the rain whilst herding flocks of sheep. His herding background means that the Puli needs plenty of exercise, including daily off lead walking and running. He needs to live in the countryside with access to wide open spaces. He is reputedly intelligent and trainable.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 5.1% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPSTBC
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Puli’s thick, wavy coat is easily tangled and matted and requires a lot of expert grooming. Care needs to be taken in hot weather to avoid overheating. Finger grooming is recommended to keep the cords separate. Bathing is necessary but it can take 12 hours for the coat to dry.
- Eye disease: Multi-focal Retinal Dysplasia (MRD) (litter screening)
- Hip dysplasia (malformation of the hip joints causing pain and disability) breed mean score 10.8 (parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Cataracts
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Bardet Biedl Syndrome
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
- Bitches under 18 months not to be mated.
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: