Kerry Blue Terrier
The Kerry Blue Terrier is a compact, medium sized dog – a breed free from exaggerated features. His coat is soft, silky and does not shed. However the Kerry Blue’s coat does need to be groomed regularly to keep it clean and in good condition. The coat will gradually change from black to blue during the first year and a half of his life. The breed is suitable as a family dog – happy to live in any sized house but would prefer a garden to rummage in. He is fond of outdoor activities, typically likes water, and needs plenty of exercise.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 13.2% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS42.60
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- Hair may cause problems when it falls into the eyes
- Excess hair in the ears can cause an accumulation of wax and predispose to ear infections
- Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 13.6 (parents should be lower)
- Elbow dysplasia (abnormality of the elbow joint causing pain and disability): score ideally 0:0
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Von Willebrands Disease (vWD) Type 1(bleeding disorder)
- Von Willebrands Disease (vWD) Type 3
- Factor X1 deficiency (Haemophilia B)
- Canine Multiple System Degeneration (CMSD)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Patent ductus arteriosus (shunting blood vessel in heart fails to close after birth)
- Entropion (inward turning eyelashes causing irritation and possible damage to the eye)
- Dry eye (lack of tear production)
- Sebaceous cysts
- Cancer: basal cell tumors; squamous cell carcinoma (nail bed)
- Progressive neuronal abiotrophy (tremors and weakness in young dogs leading to death)
- Degenerative myelopathy (gradual onset of hindlimb weakness leading to paralysis)
- Hypothyroidism (underactivity of thyroid gland)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: