The Lakeland Terrier is a small to medium sized dog who is typically hardy, agile and full of character. He will enjoy being outdoors and busy all day and should have plenty of exercise. He would be a good family pet but would not appreciate being treated as a lap dog. His coat is medium length and should be groomed often. It can be trimmed professionally a couple of times a year.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 11.7% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS37.82
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
The Lakeland is free from exaggerations and deformities.
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Lens luxation (displacement of the lens)
- Microphthalmia (abnormally small eye(s))
- Persistent pupillary membranes
- Legg-Calve-Perthes (disease of the hip joint involving degeneration of the head of the femur, causing severe pain and lameness
- Ventricular septal defect (abnormality in the wall between the two chambers of the heart)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: