The Tibetan Terrier is not actually a terrier but was used as a herding dog. His small to medium size makes him a popular pet, however his typically lively and assertive personality requires firm handling. He needs about an hour’s exercise every day and is best suited to a house with a garden. His long, thick coat needs daily grooming and it would be best for him to have professional grooming a couple of times a year.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 7.6% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPSTBC
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
The Tibetan Terrier’s excessive hair could be a problem for him if it is not groomed on a daily basis. The long hair around his face, in particular, needs to be trimmed so that his vision is not impaired.
- Hip dysplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability): breed mean score 12 (parents should be lower)
- Eye disease: Hereditary cataract (HC) (annual testing); Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (gradual loss of vision) (annual testing); Primary lens luxation (PLL) (displacement of the lens) (annual testing)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA 3)
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA rcd4)
- Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
- Neonatal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL)
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes, causing irritation and discomfort)
- Congenital deafness
- Lysosomal storage disease (deficiences of some enzymes leading to liver disease)
- Diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus)
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: