Lifestyle Needs



The Weimaraner (originally from Germany) was a hunting dog.  A large, strong and athletic dog who needs a good two hours exercise every day.  Ideally he should live in a house with a garden, with easy access to the open countryside.  His short, sleek coat is easy to keep clean, and needs grooming about once a week.  His owner needs to be firm and experienced due to the strong hunting drive of this dog.  There can be temperament and aggression issues with this breed.  Separation anxiety can be a problem too.  He does not make an ideal family dog.

Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)

The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 8.3% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'

Effective Population Size - EPS


EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.

Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)

  • Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) (Bloat/Torsion) Associated with deep chested breeds.
  • Metaphyseal Osteopathy (Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy)  Affects rapidly growing, large breeds.

BVA/KC Health Schemes: www.bva.co.uk/chs

  • Hip dysplasia:  breed mean score 10.8 (parents should be lower).

Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : EBVs for Hip Dysplasia are available for this breed

DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)

  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (type specific to Weimaraners) ?
  • Spinal Dysraphism
  • Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia (Urolithiasis)
  • Hypomyelination
  • von Willebrands Disease 11
  • Coat Colour dilution Alopecia
  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)

Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test. Good breeders will have followed the recommendations of the appropriate breed clubs, Kennel Club and/or other qualified experts.

Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes

  • Bitches under 2 years not to produce a litter
  • Bitches not to produce more than one litter in a 12 month period

Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.

Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)

  • Panosteitis
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Pulmonary artery dissection
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Anaesthetic-related complications
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Metaphyseal osteopathy
  • Discospondylitis
  • Cancer: mast cell tumours
  • Urethral incompetence
  • Lipoma

Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.

Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.

You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP):  www.puppycontract.org.uk

You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding:

Or the Kennel Club’s Assured Breeders Scheme Standard and Guidance:
Standard PDF | Guidance PDF

List of Dog Breeds