Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small dog with a big personality and a big voice. The Cardigan is said to be more reserved than the Pembroke, but very loyal to his owner. He is a companion dog who will adapt to most lifestyles, although he would appreciate a garden if possible. Despite his short legs he does need daily exercise. His dense coat keeps him warm and dry and should be groomed regularly.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 10.0% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPS125.57
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
Disproportionate shortened and curved leg bones due to Chondroplasia (dwarfism). Considered ‘normal’ for the breed but it is not normal for dogs.
- Hip dyplasia (abnormality of the hip joints causing pain and disability) breed mean score 24 (this is very high – parents should be much lower)
- Eye disease: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) (gradual loss of vision) (annual testing); Retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy (RPED) (annual testing)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) are now available for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia:
DNA Tests Available
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA- rcd 3 )
- X-linked Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
- Degenerative Myelopathy (CDRM)
- Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)
- Merle gene
Unofficial (Breed Club) Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Intervertebral disc disease
- Degenerative myelopathy
- Urolithiasis (formation of crystals or stones in the urinary system
- Lens luxation
- Heart disease: Patent ductus arteriosis (failure of vessel remnant joining the aorta and pulmonary artery to close, thereby shunting blood away from the lungs)
- Digestive problems
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions. Some breeders will also agree to contribute towards medical costs or refund purchase price.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the RSPCA / BVA AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: