The Hovawart emerged in the 1900s supposedly based on a much earlier farm guard dog. He’s a relatively recent arrival into the UK and a big, handsome dog. His relatively long and thick coat needs regular grooming. He will also enjoy as much exercise as you can give him.
Inbreeding Coefficient - COI
(Should be as low as possible)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 0.0% - see 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Effective Population Size - EPSTBC
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- Gastric dilatation Volvulus (GDV) (Bloat/torsion)
- Hip dysplasia: breed 5 year mean score 8.6 (parents should be lower).
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed
- Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test.
Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes
- Breed club thyroid function test.
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Sebaceous adentitis
- Intestinal adenocarcinoma
- Selective 1gA deficiency
- Cancer: bone tumour
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
You are also advised to buy from a breeder who follows the Dog Breeding Reform Group’s (DBRG) Standard for Dog Breeding: