The Scottish Terrier is a small, sturdy little dog, typically alert and ready guard and protect his home and family. He has a shaggy, medium long coat which will need to be groomed daily and professionally trimmed from time to time. He is happy to live in any sized house, but being a terrier, would prefer his own garden.
(Known as Coefficient of Inbreeding: 'COI'. It should be as low as possible.)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 6.6% - See 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Gene Pool Size
(Known as Effective Population Size: 'EPS')
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- The Scottie’s coat is a potential problem if it is not groomed daily. Dirt and debris which is allowed to accumulate could cause skin problems.
- His extreme short legs and thick set body mean that he is not able to run with abandon.
- Dystocia (whelping problems due to large head of the puppies and relatively narrow pelvis of the mother. High rate of births by C- section (60%)
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : No EBVs are currently available for this breed
DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)
- Von Willebrands Disease Type 3
- Craniomandibular Osteopathy (CMO)
- Degenerative myleopathy
- Chondrodystrophy (Type 1 IVDD)
- Intervertebral disc disease 1
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test.
Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Portosystemic shunt
- von Willebrands disease (vWD)
- Cancer: cutaneous melanoma; nasal carcinoma; urothelial carcinoma; lymphoma
- Patellar luxation
- Muscle cramping (‘Scottie cramp’)
- Myasthenia gravis
- Cerebellar degeneration
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
The breeder should also be familiar with the CFSG/DBRG Code of Practice for Dog Breeding