The Weimaraner (originally from Germany) was a hunting dog. A large, strong and athletic dog who needs a good two hours exercise every day. Ideally he should live in a house with a garden, with easy access to the open countryside. His short, sleek coat is easy to keep clean, and needs grooming about once a week. His owner needs to be firm and experienced due to the strong hunting drive of this dog. There can be temperament and aggression issues with this breed. Separation anxiety can be a problem too. He does not make an ideal family dog.
(Known as Coefficient of Inbreeding: 'COI'. It should be as low as possible.)
The UK Kennel Club breed average COI is 8.3% - See 'A Beginners Guide to COI'
Gene Pool Size
(Known as Effective Population Size: 'EPS')
EPS is a measure of how many individuals are contributing genetically to a breed population. It is a measure of the size of the gene pool in a breed. Lower than 100 is considered critical by conservationists and below 50 brings a breed close to extinction. For more information see the Kennel Club article.
Health and Welfare Problems due to Conformation
(Body shape and physical characteristics)
- Gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) (Bloat/Torsion) Associated with deep chested breeds.
- Metaphyseal Osteopathy (Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy) Affects rapidly growing, large breeds.
- Hip dysplasia: breed 5 year mean score 10.3 (parents should be lower)
- Elbow dysplasia: score as low as possible
Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs) : EBVs for Hip Dysplasia are available for this breed
DNA Tests Available
DogWellNet and IPFD Harmonisation of Genetic Testing for Dogs (HGTD)
- Spinal Dysraphism
- Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia (HUU)
Availability of a DNA test does not mean that it is always necessary or even desirable for breeders to use this test.
Other Breed-Specific Health Screening Schemes
- Bitches under 2 years not to produce a litter
- Bitches not to produce more than one litter in a 12 month period
Ask the breeder to show you the certificates for the above tests/screening for both parents. If any of the above tests have not been considered necessary by the breeder (and there may be good reasons), ask her to explain why.
Other Diseases Reported
(For which there are currently no genetic or screening tests for sire or dam)
- Dilated cardiomyopathy and other heart conditions
- Anaesthetic-related complications
- Entropion / Ectropion
- Cancer: mast cell tumours
- Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence
Ask the breeder about the medical history of the parents, grandparents and great grandparents. Consider carefully whether to purchase a puppy if some of these or other diseases are in the family line.
Ask about the breeder’s policy in cases of serious genetic diseases occurring to your puppy in later life. Good breeders will request to be informed of such events in order to improve future breeding decisions.
You are strongly advised to buy from a breeder who uses (or is prepared to use) the AWF Puppy Contract and Puppy Information Pack (PIP): www.puppycontract.org.uk
The breeder should also be familiar with the CFSG/DBRG Code of Practice for Dog Breeding